7 Effective Ways to Protect Your Skin from Sunlight
The sun’s rays don’t only feel hot and stinging, but, according to dermatologists, they say that direct contact with sunlight (prolonged exposure to the sun) can cause various skin problems, such as, buildup of tan that causes skin to turn black or dark, causing skin with brown spots, reddish, sometimes seen spotted and scaly, dry and wrinkled, but the most severe, direct sunlight can also cause skin cancer.
Especially if you like going on vacation or traveling to the beach (sea). Because as we know, there are many benefits to going to sea for health. Well, to avoid these various skin problems, here are 7 effective ways to protect skin from the sun.
When Should We Avoid the Sun?
According to health experts, the time at which dangerous sunlight takes place is between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Why was the sun so dangerous at that time? The reason is because the distance of the sun from the earth at that hour is so close that the amount of ultraviolet light that can reach the surface of the earth is far more and more dangerous than the sun in the morning or in the afternoon.
That is the time when ultraviolet radiation is very strong. One third of the ultra violet radiation that hits the earth in one day, occurs between 11:00 to 13:00. But it all really depends on where you live. If you live in areas that are crossed by the equator, then, the sun’s rays will certainly be closer in a longer time.
In addition to the distance of sunlight, some things that can affect the intensity of ultra violet radiation include clouds (clouding can reduce the intensity of ultra violet), ozone layer, or because certain surfaces can inhibit, for example glass.
What are the Effects of Sun’s Exposure on the Skin?
- Before you find out how to effectively protect your skin from the sun, at least you should know the dangers that result from it. There are 7 dangers of sunlight to the skin if the skin is exposed directly without protection, including:
- Causes dark and black skin
- Causes faster aging of the skin, resulting in wrinkles or fine lines
- Causes skin to become rough
- Makes skin burn
- Sometimes blackheads appear on the face
- Causes damage to skin cells
- Can cause skin cancer
- Can cause pigmentation, and others
The most effective way to protect skin from the sun
Sunscreen is the most powerful tool to protect skin from the sun and the danger of ultraviolet rays. Sunscreen should be applied on the surface of the skin between 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Even when the weather looks cloudy, health experts still require us to use sunscreen because actually, clouds can only reduce the intensity of ultraviolet light and not block it at all.
For those of you who are lazy to use sunscreen specifically, you can use some beauty products that are equipped with sunscreen (SPF) such as day cream or others. Not only for women, sunscreen is also recommended for use by men and anyone with dark skin.
According to research, the whiter our skin color, the more susceptible to the dangers of ultraviolet rays. However, this does not mean that people with dark skin cannot get skin cancer or other sun dangers. So, whatever your skin color, you need protection.
If you are often in direct sunlight for a very long time and often sweat, you should apply sun protection or sunscreen every 2 hours. Especially in open skin areas such as the nape and neck, face and arms. If you often swim during the day, look for waterproof sunscreens that are more effective in protecting the skin compared to ordinary sunscreens.
3.Use products that are equipped with sunscreen
We often feel that the skin that needs to be protected is only the nape of the neck and arms. In fact, the face, eyes and lips also actually need protection. For those of you girls, using lipstick or lip balm that is equipped with a minimum SPF of 30 can be a powerful way to protect skin from ultraviolet (UVA and UVB) rays from the sun. In addition, if you often go out during the day, you must have and wear sun glasses, not only for style, but to protect your eyes from solar radiation.
Avoid using glasses that can reflect sunlight, such as glasses that work like a mirror, because the reflection of sunlight falling on your glasses can spread around the facial skin.
4.Use clothes that are closed and baggy
The next effective way to protect your skin from the sun is by wearing closed clothing. During the day, when the weather is very hot, using closed clothes will definitely reduce comfort because it will feel hot. But to protect the skin, we need to use clothes that are slightly closed and loose. In addition, choose clothes that can absorb sweat well and are comfortable to wear.
5.Wear a helmet and jacket when you ride a motorcycle
When driving using a two-wheeled vehicle, we must protect ourselves by using a helmet and jacket. Besides functioning as a safety, actually helmets and jackets can also protect the skin from the sun at the same time from dirt and pollution. Helmets and jackets are two things that should be your best friend when driving, because they are both effective at protecting the skin from direct sunlight.
6.Take cover behind the glass
Sunlight can indeed penetrate the glass surface. But fortunately, the surface of the glass can block ultraviolet light so that we who are behind the glass will be protected.
7.Avoid the reflection of sunlight
The reflection of sunlight from certain objects such as glass or other objects that can reflect light is not as strong as direct sunlight. The effectiveness of sunlight reflection is only 85%. But still, this percentage contains dangers that need to be avoided. In addition to glass, water and sand can also reflect sunlight. Thus, going to the beach during the day tends to be more dangerous.
When traveling to the beach, you need to apply sunblock evenly on the exposed skin area. If you use a model of sunblock spray, make sure you rub the surface of the skin to flatten the sunscreen. Because just spraying it proved ineffective and left many holes.
Consumption of foods that can increase the skin’s natural protection against the sun
There are some foods that when consumed can help improve skin protection against sunburn and damage. Among these are: carrots, strawberries, green tea, pomegranates, almonds, grapes (red), tomatoes, oranges, watermelons, to flax seeds.
But remember, citrus juice (orange juice) should not be applied directly on the surface of the skin as a mask during the day. Because the content in it can actually make the skin more easily damaged when exposed to sunlight.
Using sunscreen alone is sometimes not enough to protect the skin from the sun and the danger of ultraviolet rays. Therefore, besides using sunscreen, you also need to protect your skin by wearing pretty clothes and a closed style. During the day, brightly colored clothes such as white tend to be cooler and more comfortable to wear at the same time can help reduce the heartiness.